Calluses and Bunions
Calluses and Bunions are foot problems that are often caused by too much pressure or friction on the foot. They can both affect the big toe or the hallux bone. Calluses can also occur in the ball of the foot and the heel. When left untreated, they can cause pain and discomfort.
Medical orthotics like P.O.L. CustomFit™ Orthotics from Poditech are affordable inserts that are known to give comfort and help treat the symptoms of calluses and bunions. If you want to avoid the high cost of surgery, consider using these personalized orthotics. They are also much cheaper compared to other, custom-made orthotics generally prescribed by podiatrists.
Calluses - Symptoms and Causes
Calluses are thickening (hyperkeratosis) of the outside layer of the skin; it is a natural protective reaction to prolonged exposure to pressure. Bad-fitting shoes often create more pressure and friction and trigger the formation of this skin deformity. If you have bone problems, such as bunions, you may also develop a callus on the affected area. Athletic individuals and hard labor workers are prone to develop calluses because of repeated pressure to the feet.
Other signs and symptoms:
Thick and hardened skin.
Flaky and dry skin.
Pain and bleeding.
Pain that is relieved by rest.
Bunions - Symptoms and Causes
Bunions typically occur at the first metatarsal bone, the one that connects the big toe to the foot. They can also occur on the little toe and as such is called a bunionette or tailor’s bunion.
Bunions happen when the big toe or little toe are forced inward to the rest of the toes, and the joint (metatarsophalangeal) in that bone enlarges, forming a bony bump that rubs to the side of the shoe. It throws the foot bone out of alignment, causing the underlying tissues to become inflamed.
Ballet dancing, running, and wearing high-heeled shoes can contribute to the formation of these painful bumps. Other medical conditions such as gout, flat feet, and arthritis may also cause bunions. Other signs and symptoms include redness and swelling. It may progress into a bone deformity called hallux valgus, where the big toe shifts inward, causing the second toe to cross over it.
Because calluses are caused by excess pressure placed on the skin, the resulting pain and discomfort can easily be improved with the use of orthotics. However, with regard to bunions, there are various surgical procedures that can be performed to remove the bony bump. One of the most common procedures is bunionectomy; it is done by shaving down the bone of the big toe. Other procedures require cutting and realigning of the joint. You may need to undergo another operation if one procedure is unsuccessful.
You can also avoid these invasive procedures by consulting a licensed podiatrist, and having yourself fitted with “personalized” insoles. P.O.L. CustomFitTM Orthotics were developed over 15 years by Dr. Tim Nguyen (Wynn), DPM, a highly-trained podiatrist and surgeon with over 20 years of experience.
The differences between Poditech orthotics and traditional, hand-shaped orthotics generally prescribed are precision, accessibility, and affordability. P.O.L. CustomFitTM Orthotics are uniquely cast in your shoes and form exactly to the size and contour of your feet. They can easily be formed in the comfort of your own home. The fitting process only takes 15 minutes, and you can have the revolutionary new prescription quality orthotics which are reasonably priced, and guaranteed for fit and comfort to relieve pain and discomfort of your calluses and bunions.
Other treatment modalities:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Ibuprofen and corticosteroid injections to relieve the pain.
Wear appropriate footwear and avoid wearing high-heeled shoes.
For calluses and bunions with calluses, keep skin moist by applying moisturizer or petroleum jelly.
To reduce the thickness of the callus, use a pumice stone.